The elements that make us taste like we do...
The climate plays an important part when defining the character of each wine.
Toro's continental climate with its hot summers (40ºC) and cold winters (down to -7C), together with one of the lowest rainfall levels in Spain (350l / year), marked temperature differences between day and night and an abundance of sunshine all work together in Toro to produce perfect conditions for even ripening of the grapes. The climate enhances the grape varietal's characteristics and Toro's unique climate leads to more structured wines with a wide range of flavours and aromas.
Bodegas Fariña have spent many years investigating microclimates within the region in order to choose the perfect areas for planting different grape varietals.
The River Duero runs through some of the country's most interesting wine regions and is often named the River of Wine.
The magical waters of the River Duero give life to the land that follows its course, creating microclimates and feeding the subsoil water levels - an essential life line for the vines.
Considered by the Fariña family as one of the most important elements and where quality wines are born. This is the reason Fariña dedicates so much time and energy to making sure every vine is looked after properly. Fariña's vineyards are located in different subregions with different soils and microclimates, therefore allowing a more varied and complex range of flavours to come through in the wines.
Following a meticulous study in the vineyards, Fariña decided to plant all new vines on trellis. Using the double Guyot system, Fariña was able increase the folleage surface exposed to the sun enhancing the photosynthesis process which encouraged more even ripening. It also enabled Fariña to further control the number of bunches per vine which in turn limited the growth of each individual grape - producing smaller grapes - a key factor in producing quality wines.
The careful use of wood at Fariña is key to add extra complexity and character to each wine.
2500 barriques of French, American and other oaks lie 5 metres underground in the temperature and humidty controlled cellar. The cellar also houses custom made wooden tanks for malolactic fermentation and blending of the premium wines.
Bodegas Fariña experiments with up to 17 different types of oak and toasts to find the perfect combination with our varietal TINTA DE TORO.
The regions soils are an ondulating blend of light yellow colored sand and dark red clay. The heavier subsoil of clay efficiently maintains the scare rainfall that falls for better use by the vines.
The small stones found in certain areas of Toro play an important role in creating prime conditions for producing quality wines. These small stones absorb the heat of the daytime sun and release it slowly during the night. This effect enhances the vegetal cycle of the vine and helps ripening of the grapes. These important stones were desposited milliones of years ago when the region was once submerged under water.
Fariña looks for plots of land with a perfect balance of clay to retain water at the root base, sand for well drained, light top soil and stones to retain daytime heat. Each varietal is planted in the soil that most excentuates its characteristics and each parcel of land is dedicated to producing a particular type of wine.
The grape varietals used are key to quality wines. TINTA DE TORO is the superstar varietal and the base of all red and rose wines at Fariña. Related to Tempranillo, this noble varietal has adapted beyond recognition and today, presents its very own characteristics. It makes deep, rich full bodied wines with good structure and firm tannins. Fariña, over the years, have learnt to understand, nurture and extract all that this varietal can offer presenting all its unique flavours with pure elegance.
Fariña has always been a strong believer in the MALVASIA varietal, the other grape varietal of importance in the Colegiata range. Fantastic natural acidity and great aromatics together with carefully controlled fermentation temperatures have lead to one of Fariña's great successes - Colegiata Malvasia blanco.
At Fariña's other property in Vino de la Tierra de Castilla y Leon, Fariña have spent many many years investigating with a wide range of varietals including Marsanne, Pinot Gris, Albariño, Albillo, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah.
The most important element of all. After over 70 years of lessons learnt, the Fariña family possess unrivalled knowledge of the terroir and varietals in Toro and surrounding area.
Manuel Fariña's passion to understand the land and its vineyards coupled with Bernardo Fariña's thirst for finding the perfect barrel for their wines ensures that this knowledge keeps growing.
This know how is what enables them to produce elegance while retaining all the local flavours and that is what makes the point of difference.
Bodegas Fariña (D.O. TORO)
Camino del Palo s/n
49.800 Toro (Zamora - Spain)
Bodegas Fariña (Vino de la Tierra de Castilla y León)
Crtra. de Moraleja s/n
49.151 Casaseca de las Chanas (Zamora - Spain)
Tel: +34 980 57 76 73 Fax: +34 980 57 77 20